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What is poplin fabric and Classification Features usage


What is poplin

Poplin is a fine plain weave fabric woven from cotton, polyester, wool, and cotton-polyester blended yarns. It is a dense, smooth and shiny plain cotton fabric. Although it is plain weave with plain cloth, the difference is quite big: Poplin has a good drape and can be made more dense, with rich hand feeling and visual richness; while plain cloth is generally of medium thickness and cannot be made into a very delicate hand feeling, with a simple look.


According to different spinning projects, it is divided into combed poplin and combed poplin. According to the weaving color, there are hidden check poplin, satin check poplin, jacquard poplin, color check poplin, flash color poplin and so on. According to the printing and dyeing process of natural poplin grey cloth, there are bleached poplin, variegated poplin and printed poplin.


All kinds of poplin fabrics have the characteristics of clean and flat surface, fine texture, full grain, shiny and soft luster, and soft and smooth hand feeling. But the poplin fabric has a big disadvantage, that is, the garments sewn with it are prone to longitudinal cracks. This is because the warp and weft density of poplin is very different, and the strength of the warp and weft is unbalanced, causing the warp strength to be nearly double the weft strength. the result of.


Poplin is one of the main varieties in cotton. Mainly used for shirts, summer clothes and daily underwear. The plain weave cotton fabric has the characteristics of compact structure, uniform cloth surface, clear weave, smooth and soft, and silky feeling. The surface of the fabric has obvious, well-proportioned, diamond-shaped particles composed of raised parts of warp yarns.

Compared with fine cloth, poplin has a tighter warp direction, and the ratio of warp and weft density is about 2:1. Poplin uses uniform warp and weft yarns to woven into a tightly structured grey fabric, which is then singed, refined, mercerized, bleached, printed, dyed, and finished. It is suitable for clothing such as shirts and outerwear, and can also be used as an embroidery base cloth. It is divided by warp and weft yarn materials, including ordinary poplin, fully combed poplin, and half-thread poplin (warp yarn); by weaving fancy, there are hidden check poplin, satin satin poplin, jacquard poplin, and yarn-dyed poplin , Color striped color poplin, flash color poplin, etc.; it is divided into bleached poplin, variegated poplin, printed poplin, etc. by printing and dyeing; some varieties are also finished with rainproof, non-iron, shrink-proof and other finishing. The above poplin can be made of pure cotton yarn or polyester-cotton blended yarn.

Production Method

The fabric of poplin is also woven with plain weave. Compared with plain cloth, the ratio of warp density to weft density is generally 1.8~2.2:1. Since the warp density is significantly larger than the weft density, the surface of the fabric is formed with diamond-shaped grains composed of raised parts of warp yarns. For weaving poplin fabrics, pure cotton or polyester-cotton fine yarns are commonly used. According to the different yarns used, it is divided into yarn poplin, half-thread poplin (strand thread for warp direction), and thread poplin (strand thread for both warp and weft directions).

Mr Jack(GM)

We woven fabrics manufacturer from china over 16 years,we weave/dye/print ourselves.

Any woven fabrics inquiries please contact us ,we supply one-stop full series woven fabrics service.


Mail: director@sixdragontextile.com

Hangzhou Six Dragon Textile Co.,ltd




Contact: Jack Wang

Phone: +86-15988150362

E-mail: director@sixdragontextile.com

Add: 杭州六龙纺织品有限公司 Yuhang,Hangzhou,Zhejiang,China